All bindings support configuring the contract on the endpoint with SessionMode.Allowed. The SessionMode property does not refer to the instancing mode, but rather to the presence of a transport-level session (or its emulation in the case of the WS bindings). As its name implies, when the SessionMode property is configured with SessionMode.Allowed, it merely allows transport sessions, but does not enforce it. The exact resulting behavior is a product of the service configuration and the binding used. If the service is configured for per-call, it still behaves as per-call service. When the service is configured for a per-session service, it will behave as a per-session service only if the binding used maintains a transport-level session. For example, the BasicHttpBinding can never have a transport-level session due to the connectionless nature of the HTTP protocol. The WSHttpBinding without security and without reliable messaging will also not maintain a transport-level session. In both of these cases, even though the service is configured with InstanceContextMode.PerSession and the contract with SessionMode.Allowed, the service will behave as a per-call service, and the calls to Dispose() are asynchronous; that is, the client is not blocked after the call while WCF disposes of the instance.